Maintaining a toilet is essential, but can be a painstaking process. It takes a concerned mind to daily check on the functioning of a toilet. For majority of home owners, provided they can push a button or pull the trigger, and the water pushes the wastes out into the drain is sufficient.
Your home toilet is basically made of two parts: the bowl and tank. The bowl rests on the floor while the tank is fixed on the wall.
On the other hand, a bowl is created from porcelain, and it is a very solid piece. Unlike the water tank, the bowl is just one piece which rarely has problems. So, for the entire period, you set up your toilet, you might not need any repairs on the bowl.
The toilet tank
The tank holds water which when triggered, it lets out water through the pipe into the bowl. The tank is built from plastic, and it varies in size. Modern tanks are smaller. This design is created to conserve water.
The tank has two parts: valves and handles or the button. The valves control how water enters and leaves the tank while handles are used as triggers, i.e., flush action. These parts usually undergo wear and tear, and therefore, they require more repairs.
Toilet Tank: How It Works
The tank is an interesting part of a toilet. This part holds water that is used for flushing the waste down the drain. To dispense the water, the tank has a handle which when triggered it flushes water out of the tank through the pipe into the bowl.
Once in the bowl, the water has enough pressures to push the wastes down into the drainage into the main sewer line. The pressure of the water is high enough to be able to push any amount of human waste out of the tank. This way you will have fewer incidences of clogging.
With time the bacteria, mold, and fungi grow in the water tank. This affects negatively how the tank valves work. Here, you’ll need to use superhero toilet tank cleaner. It also removes deposits of hard water and minerals.
- Fill valve
These valves allow water into the tank. The valves are smartly created to ensure that only enough water enters the tank. That means there are no overflows unless the valve is faulty.
Fill valve is also called a ballcock or refill valve. These valves come in 4 variations.
- Plunger type refill valves: these are built of brass and make one of the oldest refill valves in the toilet industry.
- Diaphragm ballcock: these I found in both the oldest types and the modern ones. The oldest types are created from brass while the new models are made from plastic.
- Float cup fill valves: this is one of the newest inventions in the toilet manufacturing industry. It is usually created of brass.
- Floatless fill valve: this is another newest design of the fill valves, but it is not allowed by some codes.
All the designs are built to open the water supply valve automatically when the level of water in the tank drops after flushing. When the water level raises to the desired level, the refill valve will shut off automatically.
The valve is either operated by a float cup or a float ball, depending on the design. The cup of the balls moves with the level of the water in the tank. But the floatless refill valve works in a slightly different way due to its unique design; it operates by sensing water pressure at the bottom of the tank.
Let’s put it into perspective;
Open a water tank and then flush your toilet; observe what happens to the float ball or float cup both when the tank is emptying and when refilling.
If a refill valve is faulty, you’ll definitely have a leaking toilet, and you will hear funny noises like hissing and thumbing from your toilet.
This part can also be clogged with minerals or soil that may be in the water. In that case, you’ll need to open the valve and clean it.
Did you know that the term ballcocks refer to the older styles refill valves? Though commonly used for all types, experts use this term only for older styles. In essence, this term means a hollow floating ball, which operates a valve (cock) that controls water.
Older style fill valves are the diaphragm and plunger types of the fill valve. Both of them have a float ball which operates the valve via long arm.
The mechanism of action of these valves is pretty simple. You will need only to adjust the level of water where necessary.
First, adjust the float. To do so, bend the arm of the float downwards to put extra pressure on the valve. If the flapper valve has a ball that floats at the end of the rod, gently lift the rod and listen.
If the water shuts off, you can stop the water by adjusting the float. You’ll notice that some toilets have fill valves that come with the adjustment screw at the top. Adjusting is an easy process.
To remove the debris, run water through the flush valve from a supply line; you’ll have clear valves. If the flush valve does not close completely, it will result in leakages of water through the bowl.
Check the washer; if t is broken or worn out, you’ll have to repair it.
On a general note, if the fill valve is worn-out, you’ll have to repair it.
- Flush Valves
This is the parts that let out water from your tank it the bowl via a pipe, and it is located at the center of the tank. It is either made of plastic or brass.
The flush valve has a neoprene or rubber flapper which seats against the valve opening. This part keeps water in the tank until a flush handle is triggered. Upon triggering the handle, a chain that is connected to the handle lifts the flapper away from the valve seat allowing water out.
When the tank empties, the flapper falls back into its original position. This way it seals the opening allowing water to refill the tank.
The flush valve may not close completely at times due to problems like debris, hard water particles. This makes the valve highly inefficient.
In this case, you’ll have to clean it.
Replacing the flush valve is only necessary if it is completely faulty. However, when you replace a flapper, you might need to replace this valve too.
Maintaining your toilet tank is one of the best ways to prevent leakages. By ensuring that your tanks receive clean water, you’ll prevent built up of debris within the valves hence a functional toilet.
Toilet inside management
Remember that adequately handled toilets last longer than those that are mishandled. There are various ways of maintaining a toilet. They include:
- Sweep the floor of your toilet
This practice seems obvious, right? How often do you sweep your toilet? Well, few people probably do this.
When sweeping, always start at the corners far opposite the door. Sweep in overlapping strokes directed towards a single area: usually the door.
When you are through, place all the dirt in a dustbin.
Clean it daily. A clean toilet is not only appealing, but it is essential for the excellent health of the whole family. Besides, your visitors will be delighted with a clean toilet.
Maintaining a clean toilet isn’t a hard task. Depending on the color of your toilet, you can use different detergents and disinfectants. If you clean your toilet correctly, you will not need constant replacing toilet insides.
How do you achieve the best clean? Bleaches are not recommended for cleaning toilets. These compounds tend to erode the interiors of the toilets.
You can use ordinary toilet cleaners or other household cleaners to try and get the best out of them. While using these cleaners ensure that you thoroughly scrub your toilet using a toilet brush. Scrub the interiors of the bowl until it is clean.
Rinses with large amounts of water to ensure that not cleaners remain. Also, remember to cleanse the floor. Pour enough cleaners and scrub using a brush. Scrub the baseboards, grout and tiles.
In case your toilet clogs, find a plumber or clog busting solution. You are wondering: Can I use Drano in the toilet? Yes.
Besides, you can learn how to unclog a toilet with saran wrap.
- Disinfect your toilet
You need to disinfect areas that are profoundly touched. For instance, disinfect flush handles, faucets, door knobs, paper towel dispensers, light switches, and walls, among other areas.
When you apply the disinfectant, let it stand for about half an hour to kill the pathogens.
- Before you flush to ensure that the lid is closed
Did you know that the toilet has numerous bacteria that are capable of causing diseases? Yes, that is right! Whenever you flush your toilet, these bacteria are projected into the air together with atomized poop, and disperse in the surrounding environment.
When they come into contact with humans, they cause diseases. Flushing your toilet when the lid is closed, prevents these bacteria from being dispersed into the air, hence a safer environment.
- Check for leaks
Leakages are common problems with toilets. However, it should not be common. Why?
First, a leak is easy to fix, and
Second, leaks will escalate your water bills
In most cases, when you have a running toilet, you need to check on the flapper valve. This is the valve that controls water from the tank to the bowl. When this valve is displaced or damaged, water will run continually.
This will lead to loss of gallons of water. In fact, it is estimated that a leaking toilet can lose up to 2 gallons of water per minute.
To detect if you have a running toilet, use food color periodically. Place a few drops in the water tank and let it stand for about half an hour.
Take a closer look at the toilet bowl: if it has color, then you have a leaking toilet. That will necessitate replacing the flapper valve let you pay higher water bills.
The toilet should be the cleanest part of a home. Daily cleaning is mandatory.
With advancing knowledge in interior design, modern toilets are built to be aesthetically appealing. First, toilets come to a storage point where toiletries are placed; shelves and paper dispensers. Such structures make a toilet look very organized.
Depending on your choice, there are a variety of color schemes to choose from: pink, black, white, off-white, etc. You can find a color that perfectly suits your style.
Lighting breathes life. There are numerous lighting ideas out there. These lights can make your bathroom one of the most beautiful places.
Lastly, Right from the roof to the floor, your bathroom remains one of the most significant assets for your home. Having a beautiful, hygienic, and clean bathroom purely define your living standards.
Needless to say, the interiors of the toilets waste away with time. This necessitates replacing toilet insides. When such time comes, get parts that are compatible with the current system. Moreover, getting the latest equipment, designs, and styles make your toilet look modern.
Deciding on how you want the interior of your toilet to look like, can be confusing. Why? There is much stuff out there. Whether you are looking for accessories such as faucets, mirrors or basins, or a toilet replacement, you need the advice from experts; you need supreme quality items.
Replacing toilet insides should be done with care. Considering how important a toilet is, it is only logical to treat it with the utmost care. Cleaning, repairing, and disinfecting must be part of routine management practices.
Remember that a toilet is an actual room in a home. Giving it enough storage space can make the organization of stuff more accessible. An organized place looks better and appealing.